Track 12: Aquaculture
Aquaculture is the farming of freshwater and saltwater organisms as finfish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. It is also known as aqua farming. Aquaculture involves cultivating aquatic populations under controlled conditions, and can be compared with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. Commercial aquaculture supplies one half of the fish and shellfish that is directly consumed by humans. Aquaculture and agriculture are not strictly parallel developments in food production, even though food gathering, hunting and fishing might have started at about the same time in human history. The complexity of aquaculture as a multi-disciplinary activity, even more complex than agriculture, is perhaps one of the reasons for the late start of modern aquaculture. The Global Aquaculture fishing production had been steadily increasing from the past years. The role of Aquaculture in food production economic development and food security is now well recognized. As the fastest growing food production sector, aquaculture holds promise to help provide a growing human population with food as many of the world’s capture fisheries have reached their biological limits of production or have been depleted through over-fishing and habitat degradation .Aquaculture nutrition has a vital contribution in the sustainable development of the ecosystem. The main objective of aquaculture nutrition is to certain the balanced food portions which should composed of fishmeal and marine, oils at an average rate. The aquatic physiology deals with the morphology and function of the various parts of the animals and plants that inhabit the aquatic ecosystem. The structural and physiological information helps to study the effect of environmental stress conditions on the aquatic inhabitants.